Do Cows Have Teeth – Types, Clean & Life Cycle

Do cows have teeth? Yes, cows have teeth. Cows are even-toed ungulates, meaning they have hooves and possess an anatomical feature called a cloven hoof which is made up of two toes.

  • Do Cow have teeth on both Jaws? and how many teeth does a cow have? In general, cows have around 32 teeth, with the front top section usually having eight incisors and the bottom section having six premolars on both sides of the jaw. The back molars are used for grinding, while their long tongue helps them to pick up food, such as grass or hay.

Besides this, cows also have a specialized type of tooth called a dental pad located in the upper jaw, just above their incisors. This toothpaste is used to help them graze and chew food more efficiently.

Additionally, cows have four canine teeth situated at the corner of their mouth that act as defense mechanisms if predators or other animals attack them. 

Cows typically live for around 20 years and have an excellent sense of smell, allowing them to sniff out fresh pastures when grazing. They also possess a high threshold for pain, making it difficult for them to experience discomfort during milking or handling procedures like dehorning or ear tag placement.

Cows are monogastric animals meaning they only have one stomach chamber divided into four compartments; the rumen, reticulum, omasum, and abomasum – that help break down complex fibrous foods into smaller particles for easier digestion.

Furthermore, cows are also herbivores meaning their diet mainly consists of plant-based materials such as grasses and legumes rather than meat or fish products.

Do Cows Have Teeth – Types, Clean & Life Cycle

Yes, cows have teeth. They have several sets of teeth throughout their lives, starting with baby teeth (also called deciduous teeth) which are eventually replaced by permanent teeth. Cows have both molars and incisors. Like Elephant, Cows molars are used for grinding and chewing food, while the incisors are used for biting off vegetation.

Types Of Teeth


1. Incisors: Cows have eight incisors teeth in the front of their jaw, essentially acting as scissors for cutting vegetation.

2. Premolars: Caws also possess six premolars teeth behind the incisors and help them grind and mash their food before it reaches the back molars.

3. Molars: In the back portion of the Cow’s mouth, twelve molars teeth are used for grinding up tough plants like hay or grass. These teeth allow cows to break down their food to extract all their nutrients.

In addition to these specific types of teeth, cows also possess a dental pad at the back of their mouths to help them eat tougher plants. This pad helps the Cow swallow and grind food before reaching its stomach.

How to clean your Cow’s teeth?

1. Establishing A Routine:

As with other animals, it is important to establish a routine for cleaning your Cow’s teeth. Cleaning their teeth every day or two should be sufficient, depending on the Cow’s diet.

2. Using Appropriate Equipment:

It would help if you used the proper equipment when cleaning your Cow’s teeth. Specialized instruments such as dental floats and picks can help you better clean and care for your cattle’s teeth.

3. Being Gentle:

When brushing the cows’ teeth, it is important to be gentle, so you don’t cause discomfort or pain during the process.

4. Pay Attention For Signs Of Trouble:

When cleaning your Cow’s teeth, looking for signs of trouble such as bad breath, bleeding gums, or cracked or broken teeth is important. You must consult a veterinarian for further help and advice if any of these symptoms occur.

Do Cows Have Upper Teeth?

Yes, cows have upper teeth. Cows possess 32 teeth — eight incisors at the front of their mouth and six premolars along both sides of their jaw. The back molars are used for grinding vegetation, while their tongue helps them to pick up food such as grass or hay.

The Life Cycle Of Cow’s Teeth 

Teeth Eruption:

When cows are born, their teeth are not fully developed and will start to erupt at three to four months old.

Wear and Tear:

As cows age, their teeth will wear down due to chewing tough plants such as hay or grass. This is why they need regular dental care to maintain healthy teeth.


Eventually, cows’ teeth will need to be replaced as they wear out over time. This can be done by removing the existing tooth and replacing it with a false one made from stainless steel and plastic materials.


If a cow’s tooth becomes damaged and cannot be replaced, it will need to be removed to prevent further complications or infection. This is typically done by a veterinarian who can provide the necessary care and advice.

The Importance Of Oral Health On Cows

1. Healthy Diet:

Oral health plays an important role in helping cows digest their food properly. If their teeth become worn out or broken, they may not be able to chew through tough vegetation like hay or grass as easily, which could lead to malnutrition.

2. Prevention Of Disease:

Healthy teeth also help to prevent diseases such as laminitis which can cause severe lameness in cattle if left untreated. Proper dental care can help reduce the risk of this condition occurring.

3. Improved Quality Of Life:

Oral health is also important for providing cows with a better quality of life as it reduces pain and discomfort when eating. This can help them lead longer, happier lives with fewer problems.

4. Increased Milk Production:

Healthy teeth are necessary for cows to produce high-quality milk as it ensures that their digestive system functions properly and they get all the essential nutrients they need.


Why Do Cows Not Have Top Teeth?

Cows have top teeth, but they are difficult to see because the upper jaw of cows is curved. This curvature helps them grind food before it reaches their stomach.

How Many Teeth Do Cows Have?

Cows have 32 teeth in total. They possess 8 incisors at the front of their mouth and 6 premolars along both sides of their jaw. The back molars are used for grinding vegetation, while their tongue helps them to pick up food such as grass or hay.

How Often Should You Clean A Cow’s Teeth?

It is recommended to clean a cow’s teeth once or twice a year, depending on their age and the condition of their teeth. It is important to consult your local veterinarian for advice on how often you should perform dental care.

Why Do Cows Have Bottom Teeth?

Cows have bottom teeth in order to help them chew through tough vegetation like hay and grass. The bottom teeth are also used to grind their food before it reaches their stomach.

What Is The Life Cycle Of A Cow’s Teeth?

The life cycle of a cow’s tooth starts with Eruption, followed by wear and tear, replacement, and removal. Eruption starts when the cows are three to four months old and continues until they reach adulthood. Wear and tear occur as they age, causing their teeth to need replacing or even removal.


Cows have 32 teeth, and they need to receive regular dental care to maintain healthy teeth and prevent complications from occurring. This includes cleaning their teeth once or twice a year, depending on their age and the condition of their teeth, and replacing any worn out or broken teeth with false ones. Proper oral health will help cows lead longer, healthier lives and increase their milk production.